On December 8, 1915, Punch magazine published a poem commemorating the dead of World War I.
"In Flanders Fields" was written by John McCrae of Montréal, Québec after his experiences in the trench warfare around Ypres, Belgium.
McCrae enlisted in the First Canadian Contingent soon after the beginning of World War I in 1914.
He was posted as a medical officer to one of the artillery batteries fighting at Ypres in April 1915.
He attended to the gun lines, and in letters home wrote that after casualties were reported to him by telephone,
he would visit the scene to attend to the wounded, who could not be brought to his dressing station until dark.
On June 1, 1915, McCrae was transferred to Boulogne No.3 General Hospital as officer in charge of medicine.
He stayed at this position until his death, of pneumonia, on January 28, 1918.
McCrae published other poems before the war in McGill University's University Magazine.
"In Flanders Fields" is one of a collection of poems published posthumously in 1919 as In Flanders Fields and Other Poems.
He was born in Guelph, Ontario and educated at the University of Toronto.
In 1900 he was appointed fellow in pathology at McGill University in Montréal.
He later became a physician at the Alexandra Hospital and assistant physician at the Royal Victoria Hospital in Montréal.
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