A film by Dr Rachel Armstrong and Michael Simon Toon - Protocells could be the beginning of all life on Earth. They are self assembling chemical systems without DNA, which is generally thought of as the molecule that programs all aspects of the behaviors of living cells. These simple protocells are made only of a small number of non-biological chemicals that you might find in any home, yet they are able to sense their environment, modify it, and exhibit complex life-like behaviors such as skin shedding and communication (as evidenced by their interaction and co-ordination). They also exhibit one of the most comprehensive of life-like behaviors, death.

Protocell creation and video production
by Dr Rachel Armstrong

Editing, sound and post-production
by Michael Simon Toon

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