Extreme political violence, such as bombings and assassinations carried out by domestic insurgents or by transnational terrorists, is socially destabilizing and indiscriminate in its harm to civilians, yet it is a common tool to wage struggles against real or imagined oppression. Why does extreme violence continue to be a tactical choice of some conflict protagonists? How can radical militancy be channeled instead into political action? How can the practice and knowledge of civil resistance and bottom-up civilian mobilization and participation help to separate political radicalism from violent extremism?
Issues of corruption within societies can lead to the deprivation of basic needs, fundamental rights, and the safety of citizens. Corruption can also enable state capture and the emergence of crime syndicates, narco trafficking, and repressive power structures. Around the world, anti-corruption campaigns and movements have been utilizing the power of nonviolent action to create greater transparency, demand greater accountability, and pressure governments to meet the needs of the citizens.
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