Cross-Strait relations refers to the relations between mainland China and Taiwan, which sits to the east. This refers to the relations between their respective governments, the People's Republic of China (PRC) and the Republic of China (ROC) in Taiwan.

In 1949, with the Chinese Civil War turning decisively in the Communists' (CPC) favour, the ROC government led by the Kuomintang (KMT) retreated to Taipei, while the CPC proclaimed the PRC government in Beijing.

Since then, the relations between mainland China and Taiwan have been characterised by limited contact, tensions, and instability. In the early years, military conflicts continued, while diplomatically both governments competed to be the legitimate government of all China. The legal and political status of Taiwan have become controversial, with the expression of Taiwan independence sentiments in the island.

After Taiwan President Ma Ying-jeou took office in 2008, negotiations began to restore the "three links" (transportation, commerce, and communications) between the two sides, cut off since 1949. Party-to-party talks between the CPC and the KMT have resumed and semi-official negotiations through organizations representing the interests of their respective governments are being scheduled.

Produced by Nicky Loh
Voice over by George Young
Pictures by Reuters photographers
Music by U Theatre

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