ABSTRACT: Reconstructions of ancestral human diets can be based on the recent human past, in which diets were likely varied (the notion of a "Paleo Diet" is therefore highly simplistic), or in the ancient human past. This paper will examine the deep roots of the diet to which earliest hominins were adapted. I will show that great ape species are adapted to a fruit-based diet, with meat playing a small but important role in at least one species, the chimpanzee. The overall goal of the paper is to point out the generalizations and false premises in the debate over 'natural' modern human diets from the perspective of the diets that our ancestors ate.

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