Harmonization efforts for the integrated management of the Buna/Bojana basin, coastal area and aquifers
Representatives of national, regional and local authorities, members from the private sector, academia, NGOs and civil society organisations, as well as representatives of international organizations, met on 11 July 2011, in Podgorica, Montenegro to:
• Discuss and elaborate on the: (i) Baseline situation with regard to the main common issues identified in the river basin and the coastal area; (ii) Stakeholders’ expectations with regard to the management of the Buna/Bojana area including the coastal, river basin and aquifer resources (develop a “vision”).
• Contribute to the formulation of the management objectives that will guide the preparation of Buna/Bojana Transboundary (Albania/Montenegro) Integrated Management Plan.
This meeting is part of the process for the development of the “Buna/Bojana Transboundary (Albania/Montenegro) Integrated Management Plan, a pilot activity to test as well as to demonstrate the implementation of a new Integrative Methodological Framework to be replicated in other parts of the Mediterranean.
The meeting was organised within the framework of the MedPartnership and the Mediterranean Component of the European Union Water Initiative, with the support of and in collaboration with: the Montenegrin Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism; the Albanian Ministry of Environment, Forests and Water Administration; UNEP‐MAP; PAP/RAC; GWP‐Med; and UNESCO‐IHP.
In the morning session, the framework for the development of the Buna/Bojana plan was presented, including its aims, objectives, and future steps. After the input of the scoping report and its key findings regarding the range and nature of issues faced in the area, the participants were divided into two groups (Albanians and Montenegrins) to discuss and identify at national level the approaches/practices that cause deterioration of the environment and lead to the loss of its values; the approaches/practices that are of concern for different economic sectors of the area; the behaviors/management approaches that should be changed and/or improved.
The outcomes of these discussions were presented in the plenary session and the following pressures/impacts were identified:
• Upstream discharges of untreated water and wastewater leading to water pollution;
• Overuse of water resources and inadequate use of groundwater;
• Upstream interferences with hydrological processes related to hydro-energy production plans;
• Biodiversity loss due to illegal fishing practices, hunting, loss of habitats, etc;
• Illegal constructions at coastal areas;
• Soil degradation, land erosion and alterations of land uses;
• Sea water intrusion and salination.
• The main approaches suggested to deal with the above mentioned issues include:
• Harmonized legislation between the two countries;
• Enhancement of transboundary cooperation;
• Enhancement of research, monitoring and sharing of information;
• Availability and comparability of hydrological data;
• Adoption of the ecosystem approach;
• Enhancement of cooperation with the civil sector;
• Better control and management of the protected areas.
In the afternoon session, participants focused on the formulation of a shared vision for Buna/Bojana and a big part of the discussion revolved around the issue of sustainable tourism and ecotourism.
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