"Hanging Johnny" is a sea shanty, which is the name given to songs used to coordinate the labor of sailors on wind-driven sailing ships. It is specifically a halyard shanty, used when pulling on the halyards, which are the ropes that raise the spars to which square sails are fixed . The term "hanging" refers to pulling down on a rope with all your weight, giving rise to the song's dark humor. In his introduction to the song, Steve Winick mentions Captain Joys, whose comments on the song can be found in the book Windjammers by Ivan H. Walton and Joe Grimm .
"Hanging Johnny" exists in many different lyric versions, including , , , . It has been recorded by pop singers like Great Big Sea  and Stan Ridgeway , and has also been sung in some films, such as the 1935 version of "Mutiny on the Bounty".
 Ivan H. Walton and Joe Grimm
Windjammers: Songs of the Great Lakes Sailors, Wayne State University Press, 2002
 Richard Runciman Terry,
The Shanty Book, Part I, Sailor Shanties, J. Curwen & Sons Ltd., 1921.
 Frederick Pease Harlow
The making of a sailor, or, Sea life aboard a Yankee square-rigger, Courier Dover Publications, 1988
 Lyrics from: contemplator.com/sea/hanging.html
 Lyrics from: lyricsfreak.com/g/great+big+sea/hanging+johnny_10138606.html
 Lyrics from: sixsongs.blogspot.com/2010/05/public-domain-hanging-johnny.html
 Sea Shanties, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sea_shanty
Description: Dr Stephen Winick and me
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