Today, the great Highland bagpipe is played all over the world. It has a conical chanter on which the melody is played, with a bass and two tenor drones.
An instrument that is usually played out of doors, the great Highland bagpipe has been associated with military music since the 16th century or earlier. It was the duty of the piper to play the soldiers into battle, and to continue during the fighting.
The music form of a piobaireachd (pibroch) consists of a theme and variations. Its invention is attributed to a member of the MacCrimmon family, pipers to the chief of the Clan MacLeod.
Glasgow, U.K., c. 1900
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