Welcome to video content from the Irish Department at St Paul’s High School, Bessbrook. We hope you find the videos we have made available to you useful and they help you learn and practice your new vocabulary, phrases and sentences in a fun and easy way. Our videos are designed to be short and fast, so don’t forget to watch again if you need to practice a little more, or to use the pause button on the video screen below if you need to stop the video at any time.
Slide 1 / Greeting:
Hello, I’m Mr Murray and welcome to this video from St Paul’s High School, introducing you to the question ‘Cad é mar atá tú?’, and different ways of answering the question, depending on how you’re feeling.
You will hear the question ‘Cad é mar atá tú?’ very often in Irish. It’s often heard directly after someone says hello to you. You might hear, ‘Dia duit, Cad é mar atá tú?’ ‘Cad é mar atá tú?’ means ‘how are you?’
Practice saying the question out loud a couple of times until you’re comfortable saying it.
Cad é mar atá tú? Cad é mar atá tú?
Most answers to ‘Cad é mar atá tú?’ will start with these two words. ‘Tá mé’.
‘Tá mé’ means I am … and it’s very useful to know this.
The most common reply to ‘Cad é mar atá tú?’ is ‘Tá mé go maith’. This means ‘I am good’. Try it with me.
‘Tá mé go maith’.
If you’re feeling better than simply ‘good’, you might like to say ‘Tá mé go hiontach’, which means ‘I am wonderful’. Try it with me.
‘Tá mé go hiontach’.
If you’re not feeling great, and your mood is just OK – you might like to say, ‘Tá mé go measartha’. Try it with me.
‘Tá mé go measartha’.
If you’re feeling bad, and you’re not in good form, you have two different choices. You might say ‘Tá mé go holc’, or ‘Tá mé go dona’.
Again – ‘tá mé go holc’ / ‘tá mé go dona’.
If you’re feeling happy with things – you might like to say: ‘Tá mé sásta’
‘Tá mé sásta’
So far, all our replies to the question ‘Cad é mar atá tú?’ have stated with the words ‘Tá mé’.
The opposite of ‘Tá mé’ is ‘Níl mé’. ‘Níl mé’ means ‘I am not’ – so the response ‘Níl mé go maith’ means ‘I am not good’.
If you’re feeling under the weather or sick, you can say, ‘tá mé tinn’. Try it with me.
‘Tá mé tinn’.
Let’s revisit our question from the start of the video. ‘Cad é mar atá tú?’ – ‘how are you?’ Cad é mar atá tú?
It’s good manners when you’re asked this question, to reply and then ask the person how they are. This is very easy to do in Irish.
Have a look at this example?
Cad é mar atá tú?
Tá mé go maith – agus tusa?
Agus tusa means, ‘and you?’. Try to ask this with a question in your voice. You’re inviting the person to reply telling you how they are feeling.
‘Agus tusa?’ And you? Agus tusa?
Just like in English – there are many ways to ask someone how they are. Alternative ways of asking ‘Cad é mar atá tú?’ that you might hear are:
Cad é an chraic? What’s the craic? Cad é an chraic?
Cén dóigh? What way are things? Cén dóigh?
Practice using these alternative questions as well as using ‘Cad é mar atá tú?’ in your everyday speech.
Let’s ask the question ‘Cad é mar atá tú?’ to some people and see how they respond. Can you work out their responses?
I hope you enjoyed this video and have found it useful. Remember you can watch this video over and over again until you’re confident with asking the question ‘Cad é mar atá tú?’ and answering with different responses.
Your teacher will help you practice these phrases in class. Make sure to ask for help or support if you’re not sure how to pronounce the words.
Check back soon for more videos from the Irish Department at St Paul’s High School.
Until the next time, go dtí an chéad uair eile – Slán go fóill.
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