February 15, 2014

21, 660 persons have viewed the earlier "Video" Masjid Al-Nabawi, Rev.2, 12-11-10. There were a few inadvertent errors and it needed to be improved.

I present you with the Improved Rev.3, 12-15-12, which has been viewed by 4800 People.
Total Viewers to date 26,460

Dedicated to my Friend Hasan Hammami who inspired me to create this "Video" slideshow.

Al-Masjid Al-Nabawi, The Prophet's Mosque is the beautiful Mosque and Tomb of the Prophet Mohammad, (Peace be Upon Him), in the second Holiest City of Islam, Medinah in Saudi Arabia. The Prophet Mohammad (Peace be Upon Him), died in 632 AD and is buried under the green dome of Al-Masjid Al-Nabawi.

Buried near him is Abu Bakr, Abdullah Ibn Abi Qahafa (570-634 AD), first Caliph and Successor to the Prophet Mohammad (Peace be Upon Him). His caliphate lasted two years and three months in which he opened up the lands of Palestine, Syria and Iraq for the Muslims, suppressed apostasy among the Arab tribes, and fought the false prophets including al-Aswad al-`Ansi.

Also buried near the Prophet Mohammad (Peace Be Upon Him) is Umar Ibn Al-Khattab (592-644 AD), the second Caliph who ruled from 633 AD until his assassination in 644 AD. During Umar's Caliphate, the Islamic Empire grew at an unprecedented rate, capturing Iraq and parts of Iran from the Sassanid ancient Persian Empire. Umar conquered the rest of Palestine, Syria and Iraq, Egypt, North Africa and parts of Turkey and Armenia from the Byzantine Empire. Umar codified Islamic law and brought peace to these lands following years of strife between the Sassanids and the Byzantines.

Caliph Umar Ibn Al-Khattab was known for his simple and modest lifestyle. A famous story tells of him walking beside his camel upon which his servant was sitting on arriving in Jerusalem in order to resolve a long festering dispute between the different Christian sects in the Church of the Holy Sepulcher.

Before he adjudicated the dispute, he cleaned himself up and prayed outside the Church of the Holy Sepulcher, lest Muslims thought it ought to be a Mosque. He asked the Church Leaders to give the keys of this most important Church to an old Jerusalem family that had converted to Islam. They were to open and close the Church, resolve disputes and lead Religious Processions. To this day, 1400 years later, the keys to the Church of the Holy Sepulcher are held by the Nusseibeh family. One of the Nuseibeh's personally locks the gate every evening and opens it every morning in a ceremony that is watched by hundreds of tourists and pilgrims every day. Such was his wisdom and desire to bring peace to his Christian (and Jewish) neighbors.

Azan - The Call For Prayers

In The Name of Allah (God) Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Azan or Adhan is the first call to prayer. The Azan is recited in a loud voice by the Muezzin facing the Ka'ba, in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. A Muezzin is the chosen person at a mosque who leads the call to prayer (azan) at Friday services and the five daily times for prayer.

The honour of being the first Muezzin appointed by the Prophet Mohammad (Peace be Upon Him), goes to Hazrat Bilal, a black Muslim slave. He had a very sweet, resonant and musical voice. His appointment shows that in Islam all human beings are treated as equals. Rich or poor, black or white, short or tall, all are equal in the eyes of Allah. It is the piety of each individual that makes the difference.

In this "Video" the Most Beautiful Azan ever is chanted in Arabic words in a sweet melodious voice by Turkish Muezzin Hafiz Mustapha Özcan Günesdogdu' to announce to the faithful that it is time for the Obligatory Prayer and to invite them to prayers:

"Allahu Akbar" - recited four times
Meaning, "God is Most Great."(four times)

"Ash-hadu an la ilaha ill-Allah" - recited TWO times.
Meaning, "I bear witness that there is none worthy of being worshipped except God."(twice).

"Ash-hadu anna Muhammad-ar-Rasoolullah" - recited two times.
Meaning, "I bear witness that Muhammad is the Apostle of God."(recited twice).

"Hayya 'alas-Salah" - recited two times.
Meaning, "Come to prayer."(turning the face alone to the right and saying it twice)

"Hayya 'alal-falah" - recited two times.
Meaning, "Come to Success."(turning the face alone to the left and saying it twice)

"Allahu Akbar" -- recited two times.
Meaning, "God is Most Great" (face back to front and saying it two times).

Morning (Fajr) Prayers
The following phrase is added after "Hayya 'alal-falah" in the Azan of the early morning prayers:

"As-salatu khairum minannaum" - recited two times.
Meaning, "Prayer is better than sleep" (recited two times).

"Allahu Akbar"
Meaning, GOD IS THE GREATEST

Arthur F. Billy Ph.D., P.E.

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