Published on Dec 21, 2012
JAMAICA ( Written-By) A. Resnick, Teddy Randazzo and Victoria Pike
Arranged By [Horns]-- Teddy Randazzo
Arranged By [Musical]-- Beginning Of The End* (tracks: A4, B3, B4), Teddy Randazzo
Backing Vocals-- Clarence Collins, Iran Koster, Raphael Munnings*, Teddy Randazzo, Victoria Pike
Bass-- Peter (Pete) Humes*
Co-producer-- Beginning Of The End, The
Congas [Congos]-- Rudolph (Rudy) Pinder*
Drums-- Frank (Bud) Munnings*
Executive Producer-- Monty D. Hundley
Guitar-- Leroy (Roy) Munnings*
Horns-- Danny Styles (2), Dominick Gravine, John Frock, Irvin Markowitz*
Lead Vocals, Organ-- Raphael (Ray) Munnings*
Percussion-- Frank (Bud) Munnings*, Rudolph (Rudy) Pinder*
Piano, Synthesizer [Arp, Moog]-- Teddy Randazzo
Producer-- Teddy Randazzo
Tambourine-- Clarence Collins
Beginning of the End 1975
The Beginning of the End came out of the Bahamas and onto the funk scene in 1971 with their hit album "Funky Nassau". The band comprised three brothers, Raphael, Liroy, and Frank Munnings, and Fred Henfield. They were the backbone of the band on the congas, organ, drums, guitars, and vocals. They were accompanied by the Funky Nassau Horns: Neville Sampson, Vernon Mueller, Kenneth Lane, Ralph Munnings, and Freddie Munnings. These Munnings were relatives of the lead Munnings trio. As I stated, their "Funky Nassau" album was a smash. However, their follow up album, "Beginning of the End", never really got too much play. That's sad considering how good their second album was compared to the first. This band could really get down. Just listening to this band makes you want to be on a beach or an island having a drink. I know I wish I was with this 95 degree weather in September (I hate San Antonio). They have some of the most laid back funk tracks like "Bluestrain"(which has to be one of my all-time favorite songs), "Jamaica", and "When She Made Me Promise". More socially aware songs that many other funk bands/artists released at this time, like "I've Got the News" and "Trip To Nowhere". And of course the uptempo dance tracks such as "Funky Nassau Pts 1 & 2", "Monkey Tamarind", "Come Down" and "That's What I Get". And plenty of instrumentals. All songs with either prominent lyrics and/or stellar composition. You can even here a sample of "When She Made Me Promise" in the beginning of Pete Rock & C.L. Smooth's track "T.R.O.Y. (They Reminisce Over You)". I hope that you can do your best to find these albums or CDs or mp3s online for purchase because these are some of the greats.
Beginning of the End's "Funky Nassau" seemed to perfectly capture the sunshine-filled days of the summer of 1971. The Bahamas-born band was a family affair which included brothers singer/organist Raphael Munnings, drummer Frank Munnings, guitarist LeRoy Munnings, and tenor sax player Ralph Munnings, in addition to bassist Fred Henfield, trumpeter Nevill Sampson, and saxophonist Kenneth Lane. Trekking to Miami, they recorded for Alston Records, an imprint of Henry Stone's TK Productions. Something very usual happened -- their first single was a huge hit. Written by Raphael Munnings and Tyrone Fitzgerald and produced by the band, "Funky Nassau Part 1" went to number seven R&B and number 15 pop in the summer of 1971. Executive produced by Steve Alaimo, the Beginning of the End LP included part two of the cut which featured a popping, percussive break. Some DJs would try to combine both parts in an early effort of club mixing. Though "Funky Nassau" was Beginning of the End's only big hit, the band's junkanoo sound was the basis of another TK act, KC & the Sunshine Band, whose streak of hits would begin a few years later
1971 beat junky favorite Funky Nassau by (literal) funky brothers The Beginning Of The End gets the Versions Galore workout today. Orgone adopt an even more afrofunky sounding than the original, stance. Sounds great with female vocals too. Speaking of the ladies we also have a cut by sax-pot Candy Dulfer. A great cut by founding Beginning... member Ray Munnings who reworks his in an almost cosmic disco fashion. SKC makes a surprisingly good drum & bass version and if they still made Quaaludes I'd recommend taking two before listening Herbie Mann's cover. Also continuing in the funky vein are The Juju Orchestra, Bad Devil Swing, A and R Reworks, as well as a hammond-tastic version from Frank Cardona.
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