Hi this is Joanne from howtospell.co.uk and in this video we're looking at words with the difficult letter patterns -gh- in them. We use -gh- in very common words like: though, right, daughter, weigh, cough, brought, enough And use in common letter patterns: -ough, augh, eigh, igh,

But why have we got these stupid looking and sounding words and how the hell do you remember which ending to use?

It's all to do with the history of gh:
These are very old Anglo-Saxon words and we used to pronounce the gh like the Scottish loch
daughter, bought...

But then the French invaded and added a g the h to reflect the 'hard' h sound.

We leave the gh in there to show the origins and history of the world.

-ough has seven sounds read these Have you thought this through thoroughly enough?
Sometimes the gh at the end is silent sometimes ales a f sound. No rules not his one.

oo - /too/ through
off - /coff/ cough trough
uff - /cuff/enough, rough, tough
oh -/toe/dough, though, although,
ow - /how/ bough
u - /uh, up/ borough, thorough
or - /or/ bought, brought, fought, nought, ought, sought, wrought, thought

-augh normally sounds like /or/ - door/nor daughter /dort a/, naughty, slaughter, taught, haughty
but laugh is pronounced with a long or short ‘a’ laff or larff

-eigh normally sounds like /ay/ - say, day eight, neighbour, weigh, weight, sleigh but height rhymes with bite!!

-igh sounds like i in tie high, sigh, thigh, light, delight, sight, might, night, right, tight, flight

For more info on speling go to my website howtospell.co.uk

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