This traditional animation consists of 25 sheets of paper. One sheet (which displays the background) is placed on an illuminated light table. The 24 other pages (which display the moving 'characters') are then placed on top, one at a time and photographed. These 24 photographs then run at 24 frames per second, and an animated complex cycle is created.

A complex cycle is intended to maintain visual interest (with the use of movement and interaction) throughout the entire page for the duration of the cycle. It is also important that a complex cycle that the movements are cycled at different times so that the moment of repetition is not immediately recognizable.

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