Mankind was one nation, believing in Tawheed, then they differed. Some of them believed and some disbelieved. So Allah sent the Prophets with glad tidings and warnings, so whoever believes will enter Paradise and whoever disbelieves will enter Hell. The conflict is still going on between belief and disbelief, truth and falsehood, and will continue until Allah inherits the earth and everyone on it. Islam is the religion for all of mankind, and Allah has commanded us to convey it to all people. This can only be achieved if we are strong, and strength is based on faith and unity. Hence Allah has commanded all the believers to adhere to His religion and to be united, and not to be divided. Allah says (interpretation of the meaning): "And hold fast, all of you together, to the Rope of Allah (i.e. this Qur'an), and be not divided among yourselves [Aal 'Imraan 3:103] Division, differences and disputes are the cause of the ummah's defeat, as Allah says (interpretation of the meaning): "And obey Allah and His Messenger, and do not dispute (with one another) lest you lose courage and your strength departs, and be patient. Surely, Allah is with those who are As-Saabiroon (the patient)" [al-Anfaal 8:46].
Unity and coming together are among the basic principles of Islam, and there are many aspects of unity in Islam, such as One Lord, one Book, one Prophet, one religion, one Qiblah, one Ummah. In order to achieve the unity of the Ummah, Islam urges us to adhere to the jamaa'ah (the group which follows the Qur'an and Sunnah). The Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) explained that the hand of Allah is with the jamaa'ah, and that whoever deviates from that will be in Hell. Allah has enjoined coming together for all acts of worship in order to achieve this unity. Allah addresses the Ummah as one group in all rulings to indicate that they are one Ummah, like one body. There is no difference between them; the commands and prohibitions are addressed to all.
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