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NASA EDGE: Solar Max-Storm Warning. Solar Max-Storm Warning, this year's Sun Earth Day theme. How do scientists and engineers work together to study the Sun Earth connection? Are other planets in the solar system affected by the Sun? Plus, we take a sneak peek at an upcoming mission to the Moon. All this on NASA EDGE! NASA's Sun Earth Days team joined forces with NASA EDGE to explore the violent nature of our Sun at the peak of solar activity and share discoveries from NASA's heliophysics and planetary missions during this exciting period. - Solar maximum or solar max is a normal period of greatest solar activity in the 11 year solar cycle of the Sun. During solar maximum, large numbers of sunspots appear and the sun's irradiance output grows by about 0.1%. The increased energy output of solar maxima can impact global climate and recent studies have shown some correlation with regional weather patterns. At solar maximum, the Sun's magnetic field lines are the most distorted due to the magnetic field on the solar equator rotating at a slightly faster pace than at the solar poles.The solar cycle takes an average of about 11 years to go from one solar maximum to the next, with an observed variation in duration of 9 to 14 years for any given solar cycle.Large solar flares often occur during a maximum. For example, the Solar storm of 1859 struck the Earth with such intensity that the northern lights could be seen as far south as Rome, approximately 42° north of the equator. Predictions of a future maximum's timing and strength are very difficult; predictions vary widely. The last solar maximum was in 2000. In 2006 NASA initially expected a solar maximum in 2010 or 2011, and thought that it could be the strongest since 1958. However, more recent projections say the maximum should arrive in autumn of 2013 and be the smallest sunspot cycle since 1906. Grand solar maxima occur when several solar cycles exhibit greater than average activity for decades or centuries. Solar cycles still occur during these grand solar maximum periods but the intensity of those cycles are more intense. Grand solar maxima have shown some correlation with global and regional climate changes.

Solar Maximum Storm Warning: Effects on the Solar System WWW.GOODNEWS.WS
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