Fairburn Ings RSPB reserve is a flagship RSPB nature reserve in the county of West Yorkshire, England, established in 1968. It is managed by the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds in conjunction with the local council.
Situated in the Lower Aire Valley, and forming part of Fairburn & Newton Ings SSSI, RSPB Fairburn Ings is a Local Nature Reserve (LNR), with a focus mainly on wildfowl and waders, although many other birds can be seen. It lies 1.5 miles (2.5 km) west of Fairburn, near Castleford. The word "ings" (singular "ing") is of Old Norse origin and means "damp or marshy land", a reference to the area being flooded regularly by the River Aire.
Lying alongside the River Aire, the 286 hectare site includes a large loch and a number of smaller water bodies; the area has been the scene of industrial and mining operations for 150 years, and all the water bodies are the result of subsidence of former coal-mine workings, up to half a kilometre underground, providing habitats for wildfowl and many other birds.
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