The panel on eliminating harmful social cultural practices in Africa was held in commemoration of the Day of the African Child. It focused on the specific needs of African children, including access to education, clean water, and sanitation, and the right of children to be treated as children. Children's rights, supported by the 1959 Convention on the Rights of the Child, specifically focus on the special safeguards that children need, including proper legal protection, education, and protection from abuse and neglect. The conference also addressed the specific harmful cultural practices that occur in Africa, in particular, female genital mutilation, child migration, and the exclusion of young girls from schools. One response to combatting female genital mutilation is the establishment of open forums where families can reveal doubts about the practice and come up with consensus-based solutions, in the effort to change social norms around the practice. Thus, as Africa undergoes extreme political, social, and economic changes, the rights of children need to be considered at the forefront of development.

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