The phrase "Irreducible Complexity" refers to a "single system composed of several well-matched, interacting parts that contribute to the basic function, wherein the removal of any one of the parts causes the system to effectively cease functioning" (Behe, Darwin's Black Box, 1996). Pseudo-scientific jargon invented by proponents of intelligent design, often using the 'eye' as an example of an irreducibly complex system to dispute Darwinian evolution by natural selection.
"Reducible Complexity" is part of a series of works that challenge irreducible complexity, exploring the emergence of complex systems and behaviour through the interaction of multiple simpler processes, incremental updates and "numerous, successive, slight modifications” (Darwin, Origin of Species, 1859).
The system consists of a number of channels of data, each running very simple behaviours, modulating sinusoidally at different frequencies. The interaction of these simple channels produce complex results, in this case arranged to resemble a pulsating, evolving eye. As the configuration of the data is constantly changing, so is the configuration of the output, creating different variations of an eye. Over time these channels drift in and out of effect. With more channels active the complexity of the eye increases. With fewer channels active, the complexity of the eye decreases. However at all times, no matter what the configuration or number of active channels, the basic connection to an eye remains, even if it is at a simpler more fundamental level.
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