Episode Author: Owen Hughes

Learning Objectives:

By the end of this episode:

* Be able to identify different aspects of pain behaviour
* Be able to describe the functions of pain behaviour
* Be aware of your role in maintaining or reducing the behaviour

Episode Overview: Pain behaviour is the way that we can see that someone is in pain. There are various types of pain behaviour ranging from the obvious limping, rubbing and guarding to perhaps less obvious pain behaviours such as pain drawings and filling in questionnaires. This episode looks at some of the different types of pain behaviour and how unhelpful pain behaviours can be managed.

References:
Cano A, de Williams AC. Social interaction in pain: Reinforcing pain behaviors or building intimacy? Pain. 2010;149:9-11.
Fordyce WE. Behavioural Methods for Chronic Pain and Illness. St Louis: Mosby; 1976.
Skevington S. Psychology of Pain. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons; 1995.
Waddell G. The Back Pain Revolution. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone; 2004.

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