Released: April 22, 2014 By: Daniel Whyte III

Our Reasons to Believe Scripture passage for today is Isaiah 50:4. It reads, "The Lord God hath given me the tongue of the learned, that I should know how to speak a word in season to him that is weary: he wakeneth morning by morning, he wakeneth mine ear to hear as the learned."

Our Reasons to Believe quote for today is from Charles Townes. He said, "Many have a feeling that somehow intelligence must have been involved in the laws of the universe....I strongly sense the presence and actions of a creative being far beyond myself and yet always personal and close by."

Our Reason to Believe powerpoint today is titled "The Relation Between the Objects of Faith and Reason" from "The Handbook of Christian Apologetics" by Peter Kreeft and Ronald K. Tacelli:

Having defined our two terms, we are ready to ask the question about the relation between them. When we ask this question, we do not mean "What is the psychological relation between the act of faith and the act of reason?" but "What is the logical relation between the object of faith and the object of reason?" How are these two sets of truths---those knowable by unaided human reason and those knowable by faith in divine revelation---related?

There are always five possible answers to the question of the relation between any two classes or sets of things:

1. All A's are B's but not all B's are A's.
2. All B's are A's but not all A's are B's.
3. All A's are B's and all B's are A's.
4. No A's are B's and no B's are A's.
5. Some but not all A's are B's and some but not all B's are A's.

Applied to the faith-reason question, the five possibilities come out as follows:

1. All that is known by faith is also known by reason, but not all that is known by reason is known by faith. Faith is a subclass of reason.
2. All that is known by reason is also known by faith, but not all that is known by faith is known by reason. Reason is a subclass of faith.
3. All that is known by faith is known by reason too, and all that is known by reason is known by faith. Faith and reason are interchangeable.
4. Nothing that is known by faith is known by reason, and nothing that is know by reason is known by faith. Faith and reason are mutually exclusive.
5. Some but not all that is known by faith is also known by reason, and some but not all that is known by reason is also known by faith. Faith and reason partly overlap.

Keep in mind here that reason can mean one, two, or all three of the objects of the three "acts of the mind": what can be understood, discovered, or proved by reason.

In our next broadcast, we will consider each of these five possible answers.

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