Bruce Baker looks at security sector reform in Africa and how this is seeking to improve security across the board in Africa. He makes three main points in this video: 1) security sector reform is built on two erroneous assumptions: firstly that the state is capable of delivering security and secondly that the state is the main actor in security sector reform; 2) the failure of the implementation of security sector reform which is often flawed, narrow, insensitive; 3) a better alternative to state security or state centred security sector reform is a multi-layered security sector.
Bruce Baker, Professor of African Security and Director of the African Studies Centre at Coventry University, UK
Taljaard looks at the various issues with the use and regulation of private military in South Africa. She discusses the definitional hurdles and explores how this impacts regulating these firms. She looks at South African regulation on the matter and also at international regulation that has been put in place
Raenette Taljaard: Senior Lecturer, Department of Political Studies, University of Cape Town
Ruteere discusses his work with Mungiki, a movement that, whilst committing human rights violations provide security in rural slums. He looks at how human rights and security in developing nations don’t always go hand in hand and in fact often clash. He talks about alternatives to mass arrests and violent reactions against Mungiki such as the formalisation of such initiatives.
Mutuma Ruteere, Director of the Centre for Human Rights and Policy Studies, Kenya. UN Special Rapporteur on contemporary forms of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance.
This talk examines the nature of organised crime, specifically transnational organized crime. It explores the following aspects: defining organized crime, various dimensions and elements of organized crime, keeping track of trends and developments in organized crime, major challenges, drivers and incentives that makes organized crime so difficult to manage, and lastly it looks at the prospects for the future to manage to and contain organized crime.
Charles Goredema, Senior Research Fellow in the Transnational Threats and International Crimes Division of the Institute for Security Studies
Security sector reform (SSR) is a huge growth area across the world, amongst particular countries that are emerging from war or authoritarian rule. The big question that emerges in those transitions is how we transform security services to conform to democratic norms. This talk look at the challenges and prospects that SSR hold for democratic reform.
Laurie Nathan, Director, Centre for Mediation in Africa, University of Pretoria