In Freetown Central Prison juveniles serve time alongside up to 1,300 adult prisoners in appalling conditions. Overcrowding, malnutrition, cells without toilets, violence, sexual harassment, infectious diseases, poor hygiene and a lack of medical care were all commonplace making life for the already vulnerable young men intolerable. As minors they should never have ended up in a maximum security prison but Sierra Leone's slow road back to a pre civil war reality means that the prisons are bursting at the seams and hordes of former child soldiers and war orphans continue to drift in and out of petty crime.
Upon their release, juvenile former inmates have precious little support from a weak central state, making their rehabilitation and reintegration into society a hugely challenging undertaking. For many, a stint in prison is often punished by ostracism from their families and opportunities for employment in a country still reeling from over a decade of civil war remain extremely limited, with a youth unemployment estimate of 60% being one of the highest rates in West Africa. Recidivism among former juvenile prisoners who find themselves back on the streets is high.
In 2012, Fernando founded Free Minor Africa, a social rehabilitation programme which aims to help juveniles who been in trouble with the law reintegrate into society. Each of the six men in these images was helped by Free Minor Africa to either finish their education, find some form of employment or engage in professional training. In a country beset by social problems, the fate of juveniles in prison is but one of many urgent causes. Yet the real and tangible improvements in these young men's lives gives hope for other juveniles caught on the wrong side of the law across Africa and beyond.
A unique aerial journey with the photographer and cameraman Kacper Kowalski. It is an introduction to his latest photo book "Side Effects".
His aerial pictures have been awarded in a couple of photo contests: the World Press Photo Award, Nikon 75th Anniversary Award, Grand Press Photo, National Geographic, Picture of the Year International (POYi), Best of Photojournalism (NPPA), Pilsner Urquell International Photography Award (IPA), Sony World Photography Award, Emirates Photography Competition.
music: Michał Zygmunt Root Orchestra: "Z wiatrem i pod wiatr"
camera: Andrzej Rajkowski
aerial footage: Kacper Kowalski
production: Karolina Galuba/dzikaplaza.com
Greenland's vast natural resources, ranging from oil and gas to uranium, rare earth and iron ore, have remained largely inaccessible under thick layers of ice, making them too difficult and expensive to extract. But with a receding ice sheet and new transport routes opening through the Northwest Passage these prized materials have now placed Greenland at the threshold of a potential commodities boom that could see the territory transformed.
Espen Rasmussen visited Greenland to meet both sides of the debate.
Sudanese Janjaweed militiamen, believed to be responsible for the massacre of hundreds of elephants earlier this year, are on the move again in Central Africa. Intelligence sources indicate that they are intent on shooting more elephants, trafficking the valuable tusks to fund their continued activities.
Governments like Gabon are becoming increasingly alarmed by the threat posed by wildlife trafficking to national security. Rebel groups, drug syndicates and even terrorist networks have seen an opportunity to profit from a low risk, high reward criminal enterprise. To safeguard its remaining elephants, Gabon President Ali Bongo has quadrupled the number of park rangers in the country. Bongo also presided over the burning of $10 million of illegal Ivory seized from poachers, to ensure that none leaked back into the illegal trade.
On the other end of the trade, the final products are nearly unrecognizable. Jewellery and amulets made from ivory are sold in up-scale, air conditioned Thai boutiques whilst other animal parts are used in traditional medicines.
Wildlife crime not only threatens nature’s most iconic species, but exacerbates poverty and corruption, funding an entire spectrum of related international crime. These images trace the story from beginning to end, across continents, offering a sense of the fragility of the human lives that lie in its wake.
All photography, audio and video by James Morgan.
Please credit Panos Pictures/James Morgan
To see more of Panos Pictures work go to panos.co.uk
It may not be everyone's taste in popular music but in Poland, Disco Polo is filling the clubs, blaring out of countless sound-systems up and down the country and drawing even some of the most ambivalent revellers onto the dance floor as the night drags on. With its roots in vulgarised folk tunes pepped up with jaunty refrains, memorable (and minimal) lyrics, earworm tunes and thumping rhythms, Disco Polo contains elements of Italo Disco and Euro Disco but remains, at its core, wholly Polish.
Photo, video and editing by Piotr Malecki. Please visit panos.co.uk for more info.