Created / Arden Zahedi-Bogucka
Based on a musico-visual adaptation of "Delshodehgan" by Ali Hatami ( Iran )
Music / Ghamarolmolook Vaziri & Astrix -Ostad M.R Shajarian remix by Moslem Rasouli
Animation, Sound and Edit / Zoe Bulbeck & Massod Vadiee
Research and Texts / Professor Negar Mottahedeh
A Dokumuzik and Eram' Rynek Group
The Introduction of gramophone to Persia during Qajar dynasty (Persia)
Footage from "Delshodehgan" by Ali Hatami ( Iran )
Research by : Negar Mottahedeh (Duke University,USA)
Negar Mottahedeh is Associate Professor in the Program in Literature at Duke University and Professor of Humanities and Media Studies at Pratt Institute in Brooklyn, New York. She writes and publishes on the history of media and technology in Iran. Her book Representing the Unpresentable traces the history of the gramophone and the directorial work of the filmmaker Ali Hatami in Delshodegan.
The Gramophone and Its introduction to Persia
In 1906, Maxime Pick, a salesman for gramophones and typewriters, received permission from the monarch Muzzafar al-Din Shah Qajar to distribute the gramophone in Iran. Following the lead of Edison agents who rushed to prominent statesmen and artists to demonstrate the superior sound of the new machine by recording and then mass distributing their voices, Pick hurried a letter to the court of Muzzafar al-Din Shah. Requesting that the Shah issue an order (farman) to the Iranian community of musicians and singers, he maintained that a recording of their voices would in return ‘be a source of joy for Shah’. Pick requested that the Shah’s farman also grant ‘The Gramophone Company’ permission to distribute and sell the new machine in Iran. The farman was not granted easily, however. Pick himself was to go to the Shah’s court to record the voice of the royal personage and to, thereby, show the potential of the new machine to the Shah himself.
Five records were made in the course of this visit: two of them bear the seal and signature of the Shah and are dated 16 January 1906. A third one that, according to Pick, imprinted the Shah’s praises of the gramophone ironically lacks his penned signature. Pick comments, as he registers this regrettable failure in a letter to the home office in England, that the ‘Shah is old ... kneeling on the floor is difficult for him’ ( Professor Negar Mottahedeh (Duke University,USA)
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