Voting Rights Debate: Key Questions from Oral Arguments in Shelby County v. Holder

In February of 2013, the U.S. Supreme Court heard oral arguments in a case considering the constitutionality of the preclearance and coverage provisions of the Voting Rights Act. A few questions asked by the Justices may determine the Court's decision, which is expected by June. This panel featured a spirited debate over these key questions by top voting rights experts:

Does the coverage formula violate an equal footing doctrine? Can Congress constitutionally “reverse engineer” a coverage formula to cover particular states?
Can lawsuits effectively replace preclearance?
Is preclearance a "racial entitlement”?
Is Shelby County a proper plaintiff in light of Alabama’s record? Is a facial challenge appropriate?