Als die 3 großen Karnevalshochburgen gelten die Städte Rio de Janeiro, Salvador da Bahia und Olinda-Recife. Die weltweit größte Berühmtheit hat der von Rio erlangt, der jedes Jahr hunderttausende Besucher aus Brasilien und dem Ausland anlockt. Der größte Karneval Brasiliens und somit auch der ganzen Welt ist jedoch der in Salvador.

An important part of the Brazilian Carnival takes place in the Rio Carnival, with samba schools parading in the Sambadrome ("sambódromo" in Portuguese). It's the largest carnival event in this country, considered to be the largest of the kind in the world. Called "One of the biggest shows of the Earth", the festival attracts millions of tourists, both Brazilians and foreigners who come from everywhere to participate and enjoy the great show. Samba Schools are large, social entities with thousands of members and a theme for their song and parade each year. Blocos are generally small informal groups also with a definite theme in their samba, usually satirical of the current political situation. But there are also a lot, about 30 of them in Rio de Janeiro, that are very big in number of participants, gathering hundreds of thousands of people. There are more than 200 blocos in Rio de Janeiro. Bandas are samba musical bands, usually formed by enthusiasts in the same neighborhood. An adapted truck from Salvador, with giant speakers and a platform where musicians play songs of local genres such as Axé music, Samba-reggae, Pagode and Arrocha, is driven with the following crowd both dancing and singing. It was originally staged by two Salvador musicians, Dodo & Osmar, in the 1950s. Pernambuco has large Carnival celebrations, including the Frevo, typical Pernambuco music. Another famous carnival music style from Pernambuco is Maracatu. The cities of Recife and Olinda also host large carnival celebrations in Brazil. The largest carnival parade in all of the world according The Guinness Book of World Records is named Galo da Madrugada, which takes place in downtown Recife on the Saturday of carnival. Another famous event is the Noite dos Tambores Silenciosos. Espanol
En Brasil se celebra el carnaval más extendido y famoso del mundo. Los centros más importantes son las ciudades de Salvador de Bahía, Río de Janeiro y São Paulo. En el carnaval brasileño desempeñan un rol central las escolas de samba y los blocos, conjuntos muy elaborados de danza, música y canto, que desfilan por las calles (en Salvador) y en "sambódromos" (en São Paulo y Río De Janeiro). Las músicas del carnaval es el samba y el axé. Grandes cantantes estuvieron presentes en sus blocos en Salvador, como Ivete Sangalo, Daniela Mercury, Olodum, Cláudia Leitte, Filhos de Gandhi, etc. En Río de Janeiro y São Paulo son los más destacado las escuelas de samba, entre ellas están: En Río: Mangueira, Portela, Salgueiro, Beija-Flor, União da Ilha, Mocidade Independente, etc. São Paulo: Vai-Vai, Nenê, Camisa, Rosas de Ouro, Mocidade Alegre, Peruche, Leandro de Itaquera, entre otras.

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