The “Discovery" of the Pacific: International Relationships within the Spanish Oceanic continent.
Researcher of Spanish National Research Council (Escuela de Estudios Hispano- Americanos, Seville)
Phd Candidate of University Complutense of Madrid (Spain)
The development of science and the technological advances are going to condition the extension of the great world powers after the advent of the Industrial Revolution. This great ocean will become the scenery of the fight looking for the supremacy between the world powers which begin a colonial race in order to increase their international strength. In this struggle, the development of the scientific expeditions is a key element to allow the `discovery´ of Oceania. Due to this fact, science becomes a relevant instrument for colonization.
This PhD focuses on the international relationships that Spain establishes with other empires in the frontiers of its colonies in the so-called “Hispanic Oceania”, that is to say, Philippines, Marianas and the Caroline Islands.
This area is used by the Spanish overseas Empire as a source to increase its international prestige and to strengthen the “group matters” of the Spanish nation, exerting on the population an unreal image of international superiority.
People assume this fact, as it shows the battle for the Caroline Islands in 1885, being the State encouraged by the Spanish to go to war. Finally, the break out of the Hispano-American war in 1898 will reveal the Spanish nation that unreal image, and consequently the Spanish defeat will condition the end of the Spanish empire within the Hispanic Oceanic continent.