RAINHAS DO SALGUEIRO - CIDADANIA RELATIVA
(SALGUEIRO QUEENS - RELATIVE CITIZENSHIP)
A documentary by Silvia Santangelo Jura
Soundtrack by Célia Mara
(A/BR 2002 - 45 minutes)
Available in Brazilian Portuguese and German (synchronisation). English or French version on demand.
On Focus: Dona Ivete do Salgueiro, Januário Garcia, Nika Jaina teachers and students and the residents from Morro do Salgueiro.
Idea and realization: Silvia Santangelo Jura
Script: Silvia Santangelo Jura, Christa Bechtloff-Franz
Camera: Judith Benedikt
Editing: Gönül Kaya
Graphic Arts: Tanja Ristovski Theuretzbacher
Soundtrack: Célia Mara
Original Sound-recording: Babsi Schärf
Sound-Editing: Lothar Scherpe, Andreas Wingert, Ko.Ka. Studio, Wien.
Production: Silvia Santangelo Jura, Christa Bechtloff-Franz - Connecting differences / Nika Jaina - Association for bordercrossing cultural work & research.
WITH THE HELP OF THE TEAM AND FUNDS OF:
Österreichische Entwicklungszusammenarbeit (Austrian cooperation for development) Wien Kultur (Vienna department of culture)
bm:bwk (ministry of education and science)
BEST VIDEO PRODUCTION AT BLACK INTERNATIONAL CINEMA 2003 / BERLIN/DÜSSELDORF/LJUBJANA – IN COOPERATION WITH PANAFRICAN FILMFESTIVAL SALVADOR/BRAZIL AND USA
"The considerable documentary about life in the "favelas", Rio de Janeiro's slums. A documentary, that does'nt show only suffering and poverty, but concentrates mostly on the power of life, the creativity and the self-esteem of the women in the "favelas". (treffpunkt kultur - ORF 2"
"Culture is everything... if you say culture, you talk about self-esteem, education, appearence, health, yes culture is everything!" (Dona Ivete)
"I understand this documentary as a kind of mission - I try to synthesize information about a culture - foreign to me - and to make it understandable to others. As the treated topics are universally valid, this is a contribution to mutual understanding between people.” (Silvia Santangelo Jura, director)
2.1. ABSTRACT - WHAT ARE WE TALKING ABOUT
With the help of the gods and goddesses and counting on her intelligence, Dona Ivete fights for a better future on the Morro do Salgueiro, one of the Favelas in the centre of Rio de Janeiro. But not just Dona Ivete, many other Salgueiro residents as well participate with courage and consciousness in the struggle against exclusion, racism and poverty. Their common weapon is the Afro-Brazilian culture.
"Culture is - first of all - a weapon for liberation. Culture forms life-attitude, it gives people the possibility for self-reflection. It enables the resumption of dignity. Through culture, the development of self-esteem is advanced. Through culture, ones citizenship can be built." (Januário Garcia)
Culture, religion and social networking, which allow survival in a racist society, are shown by means of a youth targeted educational project, Nika Jaina - trainee courses as afro-hairdressers. In "white thinking" Brazil, where Afro-Brazilian culture and dark skin are reason enough for discrimination, the educational project Nika Jaina symbolizes active change in society.
2.2. CONTENT - THE LANGUAGE OF DAILY LIFE
The documentary brings a snap-shot of the daily Favela life, one that shows the "normal" people, children, women, families. Without romanticizing or shocking with pictures of poverty, the documentary gives a view of reality - and this includes carnival, processions, Afro-Brazilian cult acting’s as well as discussions, work and family life. The conditions of survival of the mostly Afro-Brazilian residents of the Morro do Salgueiro are shared.
The drums call Exú - the Orixá of communication - to open the film. The documentary journey starts with Samba in the streets of Rio de Janeiro, bringing us up in the Favela Morro do Salgueiro, where the Sambistas come from.
The Afro-Brazilian Umbanda-Priestress Dona Ivete do Salgueiro presents her project - the Afro-Beauty Salon Nika Jaina; she introduces us in her Umbanda based philosophy, explains the backgrounds of social and cultural work on Salgueiro. Like a guide, she accompanies us to religious processions, to her Umbanda cult-place, invites the team in various private houses and helps to make interviews with the residents. The work in the Afro-Beauty Salon Nika Jaina is shown, the young trainees of the course present what they’ve learned - and try to explain why they can’t find regular work with their skills.
The commentator Janúario Garcia reflects upon social structure in Brazil, explains how the abolition of slavery and the growing of Favelas are connected, how social exclusion afflicts the Afro-Brazilian population. He is commenting what Dona Ivete’s work means in a racist society, how important her acting is for the comunity.
Januário Garcia is director of the Afro-Brazilian Museum centro José Bonifacio in Rio de Janeiro.
Thanks to Dona Ivete and Janúario Garcia, daily life on Salgueiro - an example for life conditions of 4 millions people in Rio de Janeiro - is made understandable to an international audience. The portraited personalities are impressing - Célia Mara’s Soundtrack is an additional tool for easy and emotional understanding.