There are really two key factors to determining whether you have a good medical malpractice case. The first is injury. You have to be injured severally and typically permanently, in a way that changes your life. And then the second thing you need is a clear theory of liability. The jurors are not doctors. The jurors are not going to make fine distinctions about what a doctor could have done, or might have done, differently. But if you have a clear theory, a simple theory, like "this is what the doctor did wrong and this is the damage that resulted" - then you have a strong case. In this case you should call an attorney right away to protect your rights and pursue your claim. Any time you bring a medical malpractice case you need to gather up all of the medical records (that includes from the treatment itself, any subsequent treatment, and sometimes even treatment from before) - we have to do that, we have to gather all of that information. We then submit those records to a doctor. Under Pennsylvania law , you are required before you can proceed with a suit against a doctor to get some other doctor (an independent physician within the same specialty) to look at the records, to look at what happened, and to sign off on "hey, I think there is reason to believe something was wrong here". We have to do that right at the outset.