Seventy years ago, allied forces marched into the camp of Auschwitz-Birkenau, putting an end to the cruel atrocities committed by the Nazis. Unprecedented in human history, more than a million inmates - primarily Jews - were systematically killed. This 'industrialized murder' was motivated by the race-based ideology of the Nazis, who sought to murder every last Jew and any others they considered to be inferior.
In response to the atrocities of the Holocaust and the Second World War, the Charter of the United Nations was designed, aiming to establish a new "vision of what the world should be". A world in which all people are able to exercise their human rights in freedom, dignity and equality, in full accordance with international human rights law.