Educators often need to work with challenging students that disrupt classrooms, and leave those around them frustrated and angry. This often results in schools employing unilateral, reactive, punitive, adversarial interventions — detentions, suspensions and corporal punishment — when dealing with behaviorally challenging students. The reality is that things can change for the better when interventions are collaborative and proactive, and focused on skill-building, relationship-enhancing and problem-solving. The Collaborative and Proactive Solutions (CPS) model provides such strategies allowing educators to work more effectively with challenging students. In this session, participants will explore how different explanations for challenging behavior in students can lead to dramatically different approaches to intervention; evaluate why conventional reward and punishment procedures may not be effective for many challenging students; identify and assess the various cognitive skills that are central to adaptively handling life’s social, emotional, and behavioral challenges; and assess the three basic mechanisms by which caregivers handle unsolved problems and unmet expectations in kids.