The Qumran Park is where the fascinating connection is made between the Dead Sea Scrolls, which were found in the Qumran Caves, and the people of the sect of the Essenes who lived here. The Qumran Scrolls were discovered in 1946 by a Bedouin shepherd who went to look for a missing goat and instead found a cave which contained scrolls hidden inside pottery jars. This find led to the discovery of more than 700 scrolls in the area. These findings shed light on the lives of the people of the Dead Sea sects who lived in the area at the time of the rule of the House of the Hasmoneans. These people led here secluded and ascetic lives, far from any human settlement. Among the scrolls are the earliest manuscripts of the Old Testament and they were preserved exceptionally well due to the desert weather conditions in the area.