Séminaire agroécologie Montpellier du 09 juin 2015 : "Biodiversity, ecosystem function and productivity in tropical agriculture: towards more wildlife-friendly oil palm plantations" , Agropolis International
Intervenants : William Foster, Ed Turner (University of Cambridge) et Jake L. Snaddon (University of Southampton), & Aude Verwilghen (Cirad, UPR Systèmes de Pérennes)
Date : 09.06.2015
Reconciling agricultural production and biodiversity worldwide is a central issue in modern conservation. To keep track with projected increases in the global population, food production may need to double by 2050, requiring a huge expansion in agricultural area and placing biodiversity and ecosystem services under increasing pressure. Managing the trade-off between production and biodiversity is a complex issue, and strategies from land sparing to land sharing may be more or less appropriate to different situations. The case of oil palm cultivation is a good example of this challenge, as it symbolizes the conflict between conservation and production, and is the subject of debate within the scientific community.
In this symposium, we will show that oil palm represents a potentially good opportunity to combine both high-productivity and management for biodiversity and ecosystem services within agriculture. We will introduce some key concepts and issues and then present two examples of current research projects taking place within oil palm plantations in Indonesia (the BEFTA Project and the Small Carnivores Project). The two projects operate at different scales (plot versus landscape), study different communities (plants and herbivores versus small carnivores and barn owls), and different ecosystem services (herbivore control and litter decomposition, versus biological control of rats). However, both show the potential of managing for productivity and biodiversity within oil palm landscapes, to benefit both biodiversity and productivity alike.
Les questions de la salle : vimeo.com/130543967
Au travers de séminaires/débats, des unités de recherche en agronomie de Montpellier (Cirad, Inra, Ird et Montpellier SupAgro) vous proposent, en partenariat avec Agropolis International, une animation collective transversale mensuelle autour de l'intensification écologique des systèmes de culture.