Why is the adults' medicine not effective? How to understand the story's witchery? Sonny, Shirley's brother, overcomes his fear and the adults' resignation as he tries to save his sister. One transgression of tradition deserves another.
Baptists and Witches: Multiple Jurisdictions in a Muskogee Creek Story
by Craig Womack
Speaking at Emory University on December 5th, 2006, Dr. Womack examines Muskogee Creek culture through his reading of Durango Mendoza's short story "Summer Water and Shirley," and his discussion of jurisdictional spaces in the vicinity of the Thlewarle Indian Baptist Church.