Today, I wanted to show you an example of how helpful a CT scan can be, because we're going to do this routinely every time we're going to do a dental implant or a wisdom tooth extraction or a root canal so that we have all the guesswork removed from the game plan. We always want to know what we're doing before we do it, obviously.
So I've got this case pulled up because it's a really nice variety showing how useful this machine is where I was doing this scan originally so that I could plan where implant placement was going to take place. And just to remind you, a CT scan is a three-dimensional image. So you can see here we've got the full mouth in three-dimensional image where I can move and rotate everything around. We can view it in lots of different formats. Here you can see it a traditional X-ray style. All these are virtual implants that I've placed. The colors denote different sizes.
I can do things like have it show me the bone density where I'm working. This shows very dense bones. That implant side is ready to go. Whereas, this one right back here, as I was doing this, that one was much softer. So we decided to give it a little bit more time to heal after the patient's extractions and graft to allow that bone to mature so that we didn't enter before it was ready.
Other things, you can map the nerve, which is obviously critical, so that we're always avoiding any kind of trauma to a nerve or to a sinus, things of that nature. And one thing that's really helpful is being able to evaluate older dentistry. What I mean by that, as I scroll along through here, this is an example of what a root canal looks like. So you can see the bright white line in the middle of the tooth. And that's showing us what fills the tooth once the root canal has been completed. And we look at the tip of the root here, and we look at the quality of the bone around it to evaluate how well this root canal is doing and holding up. And what we did when we first evaluated this patient is we were planning for implants, like I said. But we stumbled across some older dentistry that we wanted to make sure she got evaluated before we proceeded with treatment.
Such as this root canal, there we go. We can see that the tip of this root is poked all the way through this plate of bone. And we got a little darkness at the tip here and there, which can be a sign of recurring infection, things like that. So some of these things really didn't show up on the other X-rays of this patient that we had, and the three dimensions really allows us to get into the nitty-gritty of it. And so we can figure out all these things that are going on.
Another thing is as we're scrolling along through here, this is me going up and down. A CT has three-dimensional image that chops you into slices, like a deck of cards, from top to bottom, front to back, side to side. So we have the ability to move up and down and all throughout your skull to evaluate things. And as we're doing this, I noticed this whole side of her nose is pretty inflamed and pretty closed up. So we asked, "How is your breathing doing?" And she had said that she has been having trouble breathing well out of her right side. And so we got to say, "Look, we can see an enormous amount of inflammation." We gave her a referral to an ENT. So things like that that, they're total just random finds. But they're really helpful.
We stumble across pathology like this frequently where we're looking at one thing and we find something that's undiagnosed that the patient is walking around with. And that's one of the major benefits about not only how safe this makes future treatment, but it also is a safety factor in that it's very diagnostic for all of the stuff that's hiding quietly behind the scenes that may be important. And so if we can come across things like pathology, I can email this to a specialist where they can do a full radiology report in a matter of a handful of days. We can have CAD/CAM-style surgical guides fabricated from this to allow me to place the implant in precisely the exact spot and position that I want to remove all chance of going anywhere but that, which is really, really important and makes for a very safe surgery. It also makes very complex surgeries much, much more straightforward.
So it's a really powerful, wonderful software. And we use it on a daily basis. Like I said, if you're in Buckhead walking around, there's a good chance you're going to see me sitting here because we do this for everybody.