Born in Blainville-Crevon, Seine-Maritime, France (1887), died in Neilly-sur-Seine, France (1968).
Marcel Duchamp was the third of six children and the best-known of the four siblings who grew up to become renowned artists. The other three were painters Jacques Villon and Suzanne Duchamp and sculptor Raymond Duchamp-Villon. It was indeed his two elder brothers who introduced him to art.
A man of wit and great humor, Marcel Duchamp loved nothing more than jokes, puns and challenging others to think beyond conventional wisdom. He is best known for introducing the ready-made (or "found") object into visual art, co-founding Dada and being affiliated with the Surrealists. Perhaps his greatest contribution, though, is that he almost singlehandedly shifted the focus of art away from the strictly visual and onto the mental. Duchamp's enormous impact on Contemporary Art cannot be overstated.