An estimated one billion people live in urban slums and this number is increasing by 25 million each year. This means that more than half of the world's poor will live in cities by 2035. In the past poverty was thought to be a rural issue, but the locus of world poverty is now shifting from the rural to the urban context. New slums are forming and existing slums are growing. In poor countries slums make up 30-70% of urban populations. Poor institutional and financial resilience, less robust infrastructure, rapid industrialisation, a reliance on natural resources, strain of population growth and urbanization are some of the causes which lead to the formation of slums. Approaches to tackle slums can involve physical, social, in-situ and resettlement options. There are numerous housing delivery systems with adaptive and proactive measures. Current good practice experience shows that community participation is vital to the long term success of slum upgrading projects.
This video portrays some of the views of the residents and key stakeholders involved in the resettlement of Kamgar Putala slum to Hadapsar in Pune, India. The slum upgrading process was led by the NGO Shelter Associates who supported community based organisations to develop their own strategy for resettlement.
This film was a side activity during the PhD fieldwork of research student Victoria Cronin (nee Hickman), based at the Centre for Sustainable Development, Cambridge University Engineering Department, UK. For further information contact Victoria at email@example.com