The future of the ICC´s first trial is hanging by a thread. Four judges at the Appeals Chamber will decide the fate of one man, the Congolese warlord Thomas Lubanga Diylo, and whether to continue a case that seeks to deliver justice for the victims of heinous crimes committed in the Ituri region between 2002 and 2003. These victims are largely children, turned into soldiers in the war that the Hema militia, the Union of Patriotic Congolese, led by Mr. Lubanga, waged against its Lendu enemy. After the Chamber hearing the case ordered the "unconditional" stay of proceedings and the Accused´s release, it is now the responsibility of the Appeals judges to avoid a startling end to this landmark trial. Mr. Lubanga is in detention pending the outcome of the Prosecution´s appeal.