Recent advances in material science and high-precision digital manufacturing methods, as well as the increased availability of low-cost sensing technologies and processing power, are making programmable responsive surfaces viable alternatives to traditional building materials. These advances bring about opportunities to redefine building skins as interactive components with significant impact on the environmental and aesthetic dimensions of architecture. However, current modeling and analysis software systems largely consider building materials as static entities, making the design and assessment of programmable responsive surfaces (such as surfaces of variable optical transmittance) considerably difficult. Expanding on our previous innovative research on organic electrochromic smart windows as architectural components, we report on a new simulation environment, Acacia, for the design and analysis of highly responsive building facades. Unique to Acacia is its capacity to enable the modeling and assessment of façade behaviors in response to both environmental and human inputs. For details see full paper in ACM database: dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=2664329&dl=ACM&coll=DL&CFID=594024854&CFTOKEN=96295760
This work was conducted by the Design Ecologies Laboratory at Penn State in 2014 with generous support by the Stuckeman Center for Design Computing and the Collaborative Design Research Fund.