The deforestation rate of the Brazilian Savanna (Cerrado) is currently larger than the deforestation in the Amazon. The Brazilian Savanna is the second largest biome in South America, occupying 25% of the Brazilian territory, equivalent to half the size of Europe. It is considered a hotspot, a rich biogeographical region in biodiversity threatened by humans. However, no conservation goal has been included for this biome in the commitments made by Brazil for the COP21.
About 4400 species are endemic in cerrado, or exist only in this region. Many of them serve as the foundation for human consumption, including the pequi, baru, cagaita, jatobá
and many others, besides many medications, such as the canopy, the lobeira, the doll, the barbatimão and a plethora of plants used ancestrally the populations of the savanna.