Choreography is not exclusive to a musical film.
In Johnnie To's PTU (2003), the choreography of movement & position/ing elaborates the themes of hierarchy & power among police units & triads, as a lost gun triggers a series of push-pull movements in the course of one night across Hong Kong streets.
The precision of choreography makes of scenes/sequences like non-musical numbers, or dances not set to music but to hierarchy & power in terms of space & orientation.
Ultimately, the premise of a lost gun is a pretext for a visually driven nocturnal portrait of To's privileged character of the collective & how it negotiates its identity & develops its bond.
See additional text at vcinemashow.com/video-essay-johnnie-tos-shadowplay-a-cinema-of-space-and-orientation/.
FOR STUDY PURPOSES ONLY.