This week will look at the links between race and culture, and more specifically, multiculturalism. Following the Second World War and the discovery of the Holocaust, the concept of race came under question. Anthropologists and other social scientists proposed that culture and ethnicity were more explanatory terms than race. It therefore became common for ethnicity/culture to be used instead of the term race and for ethnocentrism to replace racism. However, if we see racism mainly as a political phenomenon bound up with how states are run, we can see that merely changing the terms of reference does little to change the impact of racism. The reticence to speak about race has led to a silence about racism. This can be seen in the proposal that we are “post-race”. This idea goes hand-in-hand with the contemporary debate about multiculturalism. Multicultural policies were seen as a means for coping with racism. However, they were based on a reified view of cultural (racial) groups that failed to see the diversity within them. Today, several commentators such as Trevor Phillipps of the Commission for Racial Equality speak about the failure of multiculturalism. Social cohesion within a framework of diversity is seen as a better way of coping with difference in British society. However, is this a re-evaluation of multiculturalism as a policy (which has many failings) or of the reality of the multiculturality of society (i.e. the fact that Britain is made up of a host of different identities)? We will look at the meaning of terms like culture and diversity in the context of the discussion about race? In what ways are these euphemisms for race and racism? How have cultural relativism and multiculturalism shaped the debate about racism in Britain since the 1980s? Why has multiculturalism come under attack and what are the pros and cons of the argument about the future of multiculturalism?