Lecture #3: Sound in Z & The »Method« Group with Andrey Smirnov & Ljubow Pchelkina
Sound in Z
Experiments of the Russian avant-garde in the early 20 th century
In the science-fiction essay »The Enemy of Music« (1917) the young inventor Evgeny Sholpo describes a machine, capable of synthesizing any sound and producing music according to a special graphical score without any need for a performer. He was sure, that, armed with mathematical formulae, he can break mystical and idealistic tendencies with an explanation of the phenomena of music creation. These ideas were mainly embodied in the sound cinema of the early 1930 s, but the rapid growth of censorship and repression, the fight against »formalism« and other such changes had, by the late 1930 s, put a stop to practically all experimen-
talism. Andrey Smirnov’s lecture will introduce the artistic and intellectual climate
of this era and will expose the lost wisdom.
The »Method« Group
and the Theory of Projectionism in Russia of the 1920s
Aftermath of the October Revolution the new ideology of the State of the Soviet Russia needed an art based primarily on materialism, natural science and a formal analysis rather than on abstract emotions. The artist, Solomon Nikritin developed a fundamental theory of art called Projectionism. According to this theory »an artist is not a producer of consumer goods (a cupboard, a picture), but author of (PROJECTIONS) METHODS«. Words like inspiration and miracle of creativity were replaced by quite palpable notions such as matter (canvas, paint, body, sound etc.), texture and structure. Members of his »Method« Group realized the ideas of the Projectionism in the painting, at the Projection Theatre and others projects.