‘Architecture is in the midst of a crisis. It is necessary to start to create differently: in place of design and aesthetics to take inspiration from the deeper laws of nature which is an unbelievable treasure-house of ingenious structures, forms, colours, systems and chance. It shows us how to live with errors and not to bring about catastrophes’, says architect Martin Rajniš.
The experience from travels to the third and even fourth world, among the native people untouched by civilisation, have led Martin Rajniš after more than thirty years of varied and successful architectural practice to a radical re-evaluation of the relationship of nature and culture in architecture.
Natural Architecture is an original concept of experimental building which Martin Rajniš and his team have been developing for over ten years. It offers a route out of civilisation’s current crisis by re-establishing our relationship to the natural world.
The building of Natural Architecture is a collective process which renews the social role of architecture and building as a team work and a ritual. Natural Architecture is an animated, living kind of architecture and therefore our exhibition is not designed like a museum but as an authentic environment. We do not reproduce photographs or plans, we do not describe or explain: we offer direct emotional experience.
Diversity of a system implies the maintenance of welcome similarities and differences among individualities. The opposite of diversity is monoculture.
Entropy describes the level of organization and chaos in a system. When chaos entirely vanishes, we cease to understand a thing as natural and it appears foreign to us.
The greatest wonders of nature occur at its interface points – between a forest and meadow, or meadow and pond. Similar conditions should also occur in our houses and cities.
We have to achieve that our buildings and natural systems become symbiotic, that they positively influence each other. It is about both participants starting to help each other, work together, adapt.
5/ Intelligent skin
All living organisms have a multi-layered envelope that continually changes and reacts to the changes in their environments. If our buildings are to be natural, we have to create for them a similar envelope that reacts to changes inside and out.
A plan that does not take into account imperfection and change is a bad plan. We need to make things adaptable, to build buildings so that they can be easily adapted.
Without the freedom to build, good architecture can never arise. Limitation of freedom always leads to damage to the system. Strict planning systems strangle our buildings and cities.
Natural materials – wood, stone, glass, water, earth, clay - are closer to us than materials that have been more processed. They age naturally, like a person.
9/ Economy and ecology
Every plant, every organism solves everything with the greatest thrift, the greatest restraint. An expensive environmentally-friendly house is a contradiction.
10/ Energy streams
All living organisms orient themselves towards the stream of energy that comes to us from the sun. We are impoverished as soon as we cease to seek for and draw upon its energy.
11/ Emergence, existence, disappearance
A natural building is a non-violent structure, requiring no maintenance, which its human user instructs with a few unassuming directions in how to serve him or her.
Natural architecture must be tied to good building craftsmanship. If the art of building is not in order, the architecture disappears.