AGVs unloading a Chinese container ship at South Boston, Massachusetts in December 2010. The speed of the video has been doubled for this presentation, it actually has a lovely quality when the clip is played out at 1:00.

"These automated devices, necessary for the seamless and increasingly efficient movement of goods, conflate the long-standing aspirations of cars, elevators, and rapid transit to achieve omnidirectional movement. Automated guided vehicles (AGVs), matured in the military, are now the devices of peacetime logistics, currently deployed in what the industry calls "materials handling." Throughout their history, these conveyance germs have been components of various futurologies with different political dispositions. While most of these future projections typically intone utopian scripts of frictionless passage and perfect responsiveness, most actually arrive with their own forms of friction, congestion, and failure"
--Keller Easterling, Enduring Innocence, 2005 p.100

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