What is emergence and can we create conditions that would allow emergent properties or behaviors to arise?
An emergent entity is characterized by its constituent parts and by the way those parts interact with each other. The rules specifying those interactions are relatively simple and local; there is no central control. Emergent properties (or patterns or behaviors) are those that could not have been foreseen solely by examining the constituent parts in isolation.
Once you start thinking this way — looking at large ensembles of individual actors, noticing how their interconnections and the simple rules governing their interaction are at least as powerful as the characteristics of each individual, then you start seeing emergent behavior everywhere. From traffic jams, to market crashes, to the weather, to the music we feel so compelled to create.