Dramatic deaths in the factories that assemble iPhones in China and apparel in Bangladesh have drawn attention to the global supply chains that link manufacturers to multinational brands and consumers. Despite this popular attention, supply chains remain incompletely theorized as forms of governance and modes of power. Focusing on the impressive mobility of multinational corporations and the extensive dispersal of their supply chains across the globe often leads analysts to assume that supply chains exemplify the logic of neoliberalism. However, examining the actual functioning of supply chains complicates this view. Reflecting on the way that supply chains rely on practices that run counter to neoliberal self-understandings, leads to an account of global supply chains as a political form that foregrounds their relationship to the freedom of workers and consumers.