Monitoring and Predicting Natural Disasters from Space
Ali Behrangi, NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology
In this presentation, I will discuss how satellites can help monitor and predict natural disasters from space. My focus will be mainly on monitoring and prediction of flood, drought, tropical cyclone, and fire. As most of such natural disasters are related to precipitation excess or deficit, I will discuss how precipitation is retrieved at time and space resolutions needed for natural disaster monitoring and prediction. This includes discussing the latest satellite technology and techniques to blend retrievals from multiple sensors and platforms in space to achieve the needed resolutions. I will then discuss some existing challenges and highlight future directions and plans to advance remote sensing of precipitation and natural disasters. Finally, an example will be presented to show how advanced observations from space can be used to assess the status of current models and improve our future projections.