Each year, on Nov. 11, Canadians commemorate those who died in service to Canada from the South African War to current conflicts. The first Remembrance Day was conducted in 1919. Originally called Armistice Day, it commemorated the end of the First World War.
Last century was the most violent in history, with more than 203 million killed in wars — more than all the preceding centuries combined. In today's armed conflicts, fewer than 10 percent of casualties are soldiers and more than 90 percent are civilians — half of which are children. Eighty percent of the world's 20 poorest countries have suffered from a major conflict in the past 15 years. Global military spending is now 170 times greater than spending on the most basic education.
At the beginning of the 21st century, international terrorism has become a major focus of defence policies. Meanwhile, 30,000 nuclear weapons continue to be held by nine countries. More than 1,500 of them are ready to launch at a moment's notice.
Produced & Edited by Kevin Spurgaitis
Stock footage by RevoStock/ShutterStock
Music courtesy of MobyGratis
Research from the University of Oxford
and Greenpeace International
© UC Observer 2013