Authors: Elham Sakhaee, Alireza Entezari
Abstract: With uncertainty present in almost all modalities of data acquisition, reduction, transformation, and representation, there is a growing demand for mathematical analysis of uncertainty propagation in data processing pipelines. In this paper, we present a statistical framework for quantification of uncertainty and its propagation in the main stages of the visualization pipeline. We propose a novel generalization of Irwin-Hall distributions from the statistical viewpoint of splines and box-splines, that enables interpolation of random variables. Moreover, we introduce a probabilistic transfer function classification model that allows for incorporating probability density functions into the volume rendering integral. Our statistical framework allows for incorporating distributions from various sources of uncertainty which makes it suitable in a wide range of visualization applications. We demonstrate effectiveness of our approach in visualization of ensemble data, visualizing large datasets at reduced scale, iso-surface extraction, and visualization of noisy data.