Frostbyte for the IPY Montreal "From Knowledge to Action" Conference
Nunatsiavut, the Inuit region in Northern Labrador, has undergone major changes in the last few years that currently have an impact on the development perspectives of this remote region. In 2005 the Labrador Inuit were the last Inuit group in Canada to sign a land claim agreement (Labrador Inuit Land Claim Agreement) with the Government of Canada and the Government of Newfoundland and Labrador. New political institutions on the regional (Nunatsiavut Government) and community level (Inuit Community Governments) were created. Compensation payments and new ownership structures of land opened up new opportunities for the Inuit. At the same time, especially in the economic sector new trends can be witnessed that will have a major effect on traditional economic settings and employment structures. Fisheries, as the traditional economic sector along the Labrador coast is currently struggling and losing its influence whereas mining projects like the Voisey’s Bay Nickel Mine of Vale Inco Newfoundland and Labrador Limited are gaining importance.
The private sector in the Nunatsiavut communities is trying to profit from those new developments and to contribute to the economy by creating job opportunities for local residents. The following poster is based on a study conducted by the author in Nain in the summer of 2008. Data is derived from semi-structured interviews with local business owners, representatives of the Nain Inuit Community Government as well as the Nunatsiavut Government.
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